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Efo Riro (vegetable soup) is traditional African food that is at home in most Nigerian tribes. It has some variations in preparation along tribal lines but everyone both young and old enjoys it. As complex as Efo Riro looks when supporting a plate of Pounded Yam, it is quite easy to prepare, as you will find out below.

efo riro


Vegetable (Bitter leaf, Ugu, Green Vegetable)                                                                                                    Locust Beans,                                                                                                                                                                 2 Cooking Spoon of palm oil

Red pepper,                                                                                                                                                          Tomato,                                                                                                                                                                  1/2teaspoon of salt(to taste)                                                                                                                                  cubes of seasoning powder (jumbo chicken stock powder),

Fish, (crayfish, dried fish, stock fish, bonga fish)

Assorted meats (shaki, pomo, cow meat, roundabout) depends on your choice.

Before cooking

Remove the leaves of the vegetables from the stem, cut the vegetable into smaller sizes and place in a bowl. Prepare the vegetables( Bitter leaf, Ugu, Green Vegetable )separately and wash the vegetable thoroughly for about three times .

The bitter leaf will take longer to reduce the bitter taste, so rinse it for about 4 to 5 times.) After washing the bitter leaves, you will need to add a pinch of salt and squeeze the bitter leaves. Squeezing the bitter leaves will bring out water and reduce the bitter taste of the leaves. Then leave the bitter leaves to drain out in a sieve .

Wash the fish and the meats, boil both the fish and meats (add little salt, small size of onion, curry and thyme if needed). Rinse the locust beans and put it in a plate after washing. Pepper, tomatoes and onions should be grounded or blended to the desired texture. Pepper is a key component in any African food, this is evident in Efo Riro.

Steps to take

Pour palm oil inside your cooking pot, leave it for some seconds until it is simmering. Pour the locust beans inside the palm for a minute. Then add blended pepper, stir together, and cover up for 4minutes. Add salt, seasoning powder, stir together, leave for a minute.

Then add the vegetable(one after the other) and cover for 3minutes, stir them together and leave for a minute. After that, add the fish, meats, every other thing you want to put, leave for about 2 to 3minutes. Reduce the heat and there you are!

Enjoy your Efo Riro, which goes with any solid food of your choice be it pounded yam, garri, fufu, or even with rice. Don’t forget to serve a cup of fruit juice along with this African food. Enjoy!

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